THE GOGGANS/ GOGGINS FAMILY
BEFORE THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE
WRITTEN BY HARRY E. GOGGINS 2017
A Goggans was born in Ireland of Scotch-Irish Protestant blood. A child of the unknown GOGGANS was named WILLIAM GOGGANS and he wasborn about 1700 in County Cork, Ireland, and died about 1766 in Bromfield Parish, Culpeper Co. Virginia. He married ELIZABETH BEAL, 1729 in Lunenburg Parish, Virginia. She was born 1715, and died about 1766 in Bromfield Parish, Culpeper Co. Virginia.
An American Passenger list from 1804-1806 Page 305 reveals the names: GOGGINS/GOGGANS, JAMES. and WILLIAM. (See New World Immigrants Vol.11 Genealogical Publishing Company. 1970). William was found in the Parish of Lunenburg, Richmond County, Virginia. His wife was Elizabeth and research reveals they had children named Daniel, George, William and James Goggans, all born in Virginia. There may be other sons and/or, especially daughters, that married and are not known. James and William Goggans probably came to Virginia in 1718. WILLIAM GOGGANS’ wife was ELIZABETH BEAL. The Beals were in the “Upper Church” congregation of Richmond County. William was found in this Church.
No other information was found in Virginia or South Carolina on William Goggans and Elizabeth. However they sold land in 1766, so it seems that they intended to make the move with their sons down the great wagon road south of Virginia. I have not done any research on the ship passenger named James, but I have followed the four sons and their descendants to the present day, as best I can. I found material already written, but I found it very incomplete. I have used many libraries, family trees off the internet, and the census, of course, and I have interviewed many of my cousins to come up with something as complete as possible. It is a never ending task and It has been a journey of over 25 years. I want to thank the many sources that unknowingly contributed.
Children of WILLIAM GOGGANS and ELIZABETH BEAL are:
- DANIEL GOGGANS, b. 1730, Bromfield Parish,
Culpeper Co. Virginia; d. about. 1780, during the Revolutionary War in South Carolina.; He married. NANCY WILLIAMS, 1747, Virginia; b. about 1732, Virginia; d. 19 Jan 1782, South Carolina. Daniel Goggans was one of four brothers who came down the wagon trail from Virginia to South Carolina before The United States of America was formed. ” A History of Saluda Old Town”, by Charlie Senn, tells why he is not listed in any census. Near Old Town, a spy reported to Bloody Bill Cunningham that Daniel Goggans, a Whig soldier who was known as “FIGHTING DAN GOGGANS” was at home on furlough during the War for Independence. Ned Turner, one of the scouts, led a party to the Goggans home. When the raiders appeared, Goggans resisted with well-aimed gunfire. The Tories set fire to the house. Then “FIGHTING DAN” came out shooting and was killed.
After Goggans died, it is written that the flames were extinguished and for many years an old log house, with blackened timbers in one outside wall, could be seen among the trees on a hillside near the home of Miss Mae Suber, northwest of Silverstreet. A documented History of the Long family states that the burned house was near the Present Mt. Zion Baptist Church. Daniel left a wife and children, and his daughter Jane, married to Oliver Towles, also had two children. It is worth mentioning here that the Revolutionary War fighting in South Carolina was in large part a Civil War, where many of the state’s inhabitants remained loyal to the British crown. Ned Turner was one of those loyalists. In addition to killing Daniel and the husband of Daniel’s oldest child, Jane, the infamous Ned Turner had plenty of other blood on his hands. The Towles brothers had killed the youngest Turner brother, and it appears the rest was a bloody revenge by the Turners that ended up taking perhaps as many as 60 lives over a 2 week period. They took no prisoners, murdering at least one group of 20 soldiers they captured, in addition to the others they found along the way. The episode is described in this broader way in an article that appeared in “The American Magazine” in July 1884, p. 46, under the title of “The Avengers of Blood.” The magazine can be downloaded from www.archive.org
Daniel Goggans left a wife and children, and his daughter Jane was married to Oliver Towles. His demise was a horrible tale as well. All preserved history shows that he was a gallant soldier .Oliver’s record shows the date and place of enlistment and age at enlistment 1775, /39, enlisted as a Sergeant in Capt. John Caldwell’s Company of the 3rd Regiment, by 1781 he was promoted to Captain and served with the 3rd Regiment of “Thomson’s Rangers” Battles and conflicts participated in were : Snow Campaign, Savannah, Battle of Long Island.
Surrender at Charleston, and was a POW onboard a British Prison Ship for a time. Place of death: Fall, 1781, near Saluda Old Town, hung by Tories led by Ned Turner serving under William “Bloody Bill” Cunningham. Date(s)/place(s) of marriage and spouse’s name(s): 1765-66, Culpeper Co., VA, Jane GOGGANS, daughter of Daniel “Fighting Dan” GOGGANS Place of burial: Near Old Chestnut Hill Baptist Church . The South Carolina Roster of The Revolutionary War, page 937, lists Oliver Towles, and it states that he served as a sergeant in the Rangers under Capt. John Caldwell and Col. Thomson during 1775 and was a Captain in the Third Regiment during 1778 and/or 1779. It also states that he was taken prisoner during the fall of Charleston. It lists his date of death as November 1781. According to The Annals of Newberry, Oliver Towles, son-in-law to Daniel Goggans, was home from the army during the Revolutionary War, sick with smallpox, hiding in the woods, when Ned Turner with his party of men, went to his house, took two of Towles’ little boys, and compelled them to go with them and show where their father was hiding. Having found him, the Tories killed him at once. There is a cemetery in the woods behind the newer cemetery at Chestnut Hill Baptist Church, between Chapells and Saluda, that has a stone clearly engraved for an Oliver Towles, but the dates are not for the Revolutionary War period. It appears to be his grandson.
If one can temporarily forget which side was right or wrong, “A History of the Upper Country of South Carolina” by John H. Logan relates an almost comical account of the fate of Ned Turner (told by a descendant of Broadwine Waters) which could not be written with more imagination if it were done by a Hollywood script writer. It reads in part about a Revolutionary War encounter: “B. Waters ordered John Clark and Laudon Waters in advance of his command as spies, and cautioned them if they saw men to return to him.
In passing a precipice which was caused by a branch entering the river, Ned Turner, the out-lawyer, with a scout of about twenty Tories in this valley of the river, captured John Clark and Laudon Waters, upon which B. Waters came up immediately, when his command fled and left him alone. Upon which he (Broadwine Waters) drew his arms and parleyed with Ned Turner for the release of Clark and L. Waters; upon which Turner and four others advanced, and ordered him to surrender — when Waters grounded his arms, –Ned Turner at this shot him dead.
The Tories came up and robbed him of his armor and horse. Turner and his party then took up their march in pine country with his prisoners, Clark and young Waters, a distance of about 4 miles, and then turned my father loose to return and bury his father.
He went home, and with his mother and some other ladies, buried him upon the ground where he lay. Four years after, he was taken up and buried at Bush river church in Newberry, where his remains now lie. Many years after this, Ned Turner, the out-law, returned to Newberry during my recollection, and John Clark by chance was informed that Turner was in this neighborhood secreted at a certain house– went and as Turner emerged upon the door steps next morning, Clark shot him through the chest, and Turner fell bleeding, and Clark left.
Turner’s friends had a coffin made, and filled with some refuse, and buried in the garden, pretending that he died, while in fact he was removed to another neighbor’s house, and finally recovered, and left the country. When it was rumored that Turner was not killed, Clark exhumed the coffin, and learned the ruse practiced on him. No more of Ned Turner until 1832, when he died in Florida in his 80th year.”
I think that the Goggans clan probably believed that they could have done a better job on the murderer. Some of the Turner family still live in the Saluda, South Carolina area, in fact I happened upon one of them. The lady proudly said that she was a member of the Turner family that produced Ned Turner. Even after more than 200 years, I felt that she should be ashamed and hide that fact.
- GEORGE GOGGANS, b. about1732, Bromfield Parish, Culpeper County, Virginia; d. 1815, Newberry Co., South Carolina; m. SARAH BUTLER, about 1757, Virginia; b. about. 1732; d. about. 1804, Newberry Co., South Carolina.
George Goggans served in the Virginia Militia in the 1750’s. A book called “Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732-1774” shows a list of the Culpeper Militia who have guns and are ready to march out on the Frontiers. Geo. Goggans is 7th on the list. According to “Our Folks” by Maron Summer Eve, George Washington and George Goggans were contemporaries having both been born in Virginia about 1732. Culpeper County was cut away from Orange County, Virginia in the year 1749. The World Book Encyclopedia states that George Washington became official surveyor for Culpeper County as early as seventeen years of age. George Goggans name appears in Revolutionary War records, as a Sergeant Major. George was one of the original four Goggans brothers who traveled down the wagon trail from Virginia to South Carolina before The United States was formed as a country, perhaps 1766. Geo. Goggens (note spelling) was listed in the 1790 First Census of The United States, Ninety-six District, Newberry County, South Carolina. He and his wife Sarah are buried in a family cemetery near Old Belfast road and Sandy Run, Newberry, South Carolina. His descendants generally appeared as The Edgefield, S. C. group. Many spelled their name Goggins, and some later migrated to Carroll County GA (later Haralson County split off), Monroe County (later Lamar County split off), Paulding County, and Cobb County, Georgia, and many went into Alabama. George had a son named William Alexander, born 1758. He may have been among the last living soldiers that fought in the War for Independence, because he lived to the age of 95.. The History reads that he was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, having served at the battle of Kings Mountain, South Carolina. He was wounded three times.
George appears to be my ancestral line, Harry E. Goggins
iii. WILLIAM GOGGANS, SR., b. 1740, Lunenburg Parish, Virginia; d.1834, Newberry Co., South Carolina; m. ELIZABETH BUTLER, 1760; b. 1745, Virginia; d. about 1829. Ellis County Texas genealogy records indicate that William (Honest Bill) Goggans participated in the South Carolina Militia during the Revolutionary War.
- JAMES GOGGANS, b. 16 Sep 1751, Virginia; d. 25 Oct 1826, South Carolina; m. MARY JOHNSTON, 1769, South Carolina; b. 1752; d. 1816,
Newberry Co., South Carolina. The 1820 map of Ninety-Six District South Carolina shows the name “Goggans” near the Bush River Church where James lived.. It is thought that it was a mustering ground for the local militia There were two battles fought over a fort at NInety Six, South Carolina during the Revolutionary War. The site has been restored and preserved..
I HAVE SEPARATE REPORT FOR THE DESCENDANTS OF EACH OF THE FOUR BROTHERS FROM THIS TIME PERIOD . AND I ADD TO IT ALMOST WEEKLY.